About Units, Skills Sets & Qualifications
What are they?
The units of competency, skill sets and qualifications for a particular industry (or related industry sectors) are grouped together into ‘Training Packages’. You can view these at training.gov.au
- Qualifications – to support job roles within industry – available from Certificates I, II, III and IV, to Diploma and Advanced Diploma.
- Units of competency – are the building blocks of qualifications. They define the requirements for effective performance in a discrete area of work, work function, activity or process.
- Skill sets – are combinations of units of competency that cover skills required for specialist industry needs (which sometimes can link to a licence or regulatory requirement).
Training packages are a collection of units of competency, skill sets and qualifications that outline the required knowledge and performance criteria for job roles and tasks within industry, and how these can be assessed to determine if a worker is competent.
Training Packages also include one or more quality assured companion volumes, to assist RTOs with the implementation of units, qualifications and skill sets.
What is their relationship to training delivery?
Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) use training packages to help design their curriculum or training programmes. Training packages do not prescribe how an individual should be trained.
RTOs are responsible for assessing whether an individual meets the skills standards specified by industry and described in a training package, and for issuing a nationally recognised unit of competency, skill set or qualification where appropriate.
How are they developed?
Gaps and emerging skill needs are identified by industry
1)[Skills Impact supports each Industry Reference Committee (IRC) to undertake an analysis of the skills and training needs of the relevant industry.
Workplan is developed by IRCS and SSO
2) Based on this analysis of skills needs, Skills Impact works with each IRC to develop a four year work plan for the development and review of relevant skills standards and qualifications.
3) The work plan is then submitted to the Australian Industry Skills Committee (AISC), following sign off by the relevant IRC.
AISC determine the National Schedule
4) The AISC will assess relative priority across IRC work plans, taking account of risk, regulatory need, strategic, industry and government priorities, economic impact, current levels of VET activity, and available budget to determine the National Schedule.
Business case is developed for prioritised projects
5) Each year, based on the National Schedule, Skills Impact will receive direction from AISC about what areas it needs to develop business cases for. The development of business cases, including scoping the research and analysis, industry engagement and writing, is carried out under the direction of the relevant IRC.
Business cases are submitted to the AISC for approval
6) At the completion of the work, the SSO will present the IRC approved business case to the AISC for consideration.
7) The AISC will consider business cases for training product development. Approved business cases will form the basis of a work order for training package development work. The work order may include additional requirements, or a smaller scope of work than was proposed in the business case.
Skills Standards and qualifications are developed
8) Once Skills Impact receives a work order, they will be funded to deliver the Development Project described within the work order. This training package development work, including necessary industry engagement, technical writing and validation of changes to training packages will be carried out by Skills Impact, under direction of the IRC, in accordance with the work order issued by the department.
9) At the completion of the work, the SSO will prepare a case for endorsement for the training package for IRC approval.
Skills Standards and qualifications are endorsed
10) Once approved by the IRC, the case for endorsement will be submitted to the department. The case will be assessed by the department against the work order as well as the Standards for Training Packages and Training Package Products Policy. Advice will be provided to the AISC for its consideration.
11) The AISC approved unit of competency, skill set, or qualification is then made public on training.gov.au
12) The department may, in line with a decision of the AISC, commission work to review existing, or develop new, training package content without the need for an industry proposal and/or business case.
Note: The AISC will also consider recommendations for changes to training packages through representation, including industry proposals, submitted by interested stakeholders. Industry proposals can be submitted by SSOs or by any other party.